- Professor Scott Atran’s address to the UN Security Council
- The Devoted Actor as Parochial Altruist: Sectarian Morality, Identity Fusion, and Support for Costly Sacrifices
- For Cause and Comrade: Devoted Actors and Willingness to Fight
Senior Research Fellows
Martin A. Miller
Martin A. Miller, Ph.D. is a professor of history, as well as Slavic and Eurasian languages, at Duke University. He received his B.A. in philosophy from University of Maryland. His M.A. and Ph.D. in European and Russian history, respectively, were earned at the University of Chicago. He was also a fellow in the Psychiatric Epidemiology Training Program at Columbia University Medical Center, and the School of Public Health. He has been a visiting professor at prestigious institutions of higher learning around the globe. He has been published extensively on the subjects of terrorism, Russian history, and psychoanalysis, and particularly, intersections of the three.
Alain W. M. Bauer is a criminologist at the Sorbonne where he was previously Vice President. He also served as Administrator of the national Superior Institute for Defense Studies and is currently President of the French National Crime Council, and President of the “Working Group on Unifying Security and Strategic Think Tanks” for the French Government. He serves as an Administrator of the National Institute for High Security Studies (INHES) and of the Institute for International and Strategic Studies (IRIS). Alain Bauer is widely respected by American police forces and serves as an advisor to both the NYPD and the LASD, and is also a consultant to the Surete du Quebec (Canada). Mr. Bauer is the author or co-author of more than a dozen books including Violence et Insécurité urbaines (1998),l’Amérique, la violence, le crime (2000), (2002), les Polices en France(2002), Deux siècles de débats républicains et Dico rebelle (2004), l’Enigme Al Qaïda (2005) Géographie de la France criminelle (2006), and World Chaos (in English 2007).
James Meredith Day
James Meredith Day, Ph.D. is a developmental and clinical psychologist whose work has contributed to the dialogue between cognitive-developmental and socio-cultural/constructionist paradigms in psychology. He is Professor of Human Development and the Psychology of Religion in the Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences and Psychological Science Research Institute at the Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve,Belgium. His published work has appeared in a broad array of scholarly books and journals, and has been focused on research in the domains of moral development,uses of religious elements in moral decision making, and gender and cultural differences in uses of moral and religious language. Some of his recent research concerns religious elements in developmental pathways toward sympathetic attitudes about terrorist conduct. His co-edited and co-authored books include Le developpement religieux et spiritual: Questions classiques, approaches nouvelles (in preparation/2011), Human development across the lifespan: Educational and psychological applications (2006), and the video: The social construction of morality: Archives of contemporary psychology: Voices in social constructionism (2000). He serves on the editorial and review boards of numerous peer-reviewed journals, is co-founder of the European Society for Research in Adult Development, co-directs the Louvain-Harvard Project in Cognitive Complexity and Religious and Moral Cognition,and is Co-Editor of The Archive for the Psychology of Religion: The Journal of the International Association for the Psychology of Religion. Professor Day is a graduate of Oberlin College, Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Cambridge University. He has been an invited and visiting lecturer at Braga, Cambridge, Coimbra, Glasgow, London, Lusophone University in Lisbon and Porto, Paris, Porto, Princeton, and other universities. Dr. Day also works as a clinician at PSYGROUP Brussels, and is a priest serving in the Pro-Cathedral of The Holy Trinity, in Brussels, and the Spiritualite et Vie inter-religious dialogue project at the UCLouvain, in the Diocese in Europe of the Church of England, Anglican Communion.
Mark S. Hamm
Dr. Mark Hamm is a professor of Criminology at Indiana State University. He is the leading scholar of prison radicalization in the United States. In the 1980s and 1990s he wrote widely about White right-wing extremists in this country, as well as subjects as diverse as apocalyptic violence, cop killer violence, ethnography and terror, and the USA Patriot Act. His books includeTerrorism as Crime: From Oklahoma City to Al-Qaeda and Beyond (2007); In Bad Company: America’s Terrorist Underground (2002); Apocalypse in Oklahoma: Waco and Ruby Ridge Revenged (1997); and American Skinheads: The Criminology and Control of Hate Crime (1993). Professor Hamm received two major grants from the National Institute of Justice: one to study crimes committed by terrorist groups and the other to study terrorist recruitment in American correctional institutions. He is currently working on a study of terrorist recruitment in U.S. and British prisons and is working to compile a database on the subjects.
James W. Jones
James W. Jones, PSY.D, PH.D, TH.D, has earned doctorates in both Religious Studies and Clinical Psychology, as well as an honorary doctorate from the University of Uppsala in Sweden. He is a distinguished professor of Religion and adjunct professor of Clinical Psychology at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, a lecturer in Psychiatry and Religion at Union Theological Seminary in New York; an adjunct professor of Medical Humanities at Drew University, and a visiting professor at the University of Uppsala in Sweden. He is the author of eleven books, includingContemporary Psychoanalysis and Religion (Yale University Press,1991),Religion and Psychology in Transition (Yale University Press, 1996), andTerror and Transformation: The Ambiguity of Religion (Routledge Press, 2002), over twenty professional papers and book chapters. His books have been published both in the United States and Europe and translated in Japanese, Korean, Chinese, and Portuguese. He serves on the editorial boards of several publications both here and abroad. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and in 1993 at their annual convention, he received an award for his contributions to the psychology of religion. He currently serves on the governing board and as the vice-president of the International Association for the Psychology of Religion. For six years he was co-chair of the Religion and Social Sciences Section of the American Academy of Religion. He also maintains a private practice as a clinical psychologist. His recent book is Blood That Cries From the Earth: The Psychological Roots of Religious Terrorism (2008 by Oxford University Press). Dr. Jones has been invited to lecture in Europe and the United States on the psychological roots of religious terrorism.
Robert J. Lifton
Robert Jay Lifton is a visiting professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and Cambridge Hospital and a former distinguished professor of psychiatry and psychology at the Graduate School University Center and director of The Center on Violence and Human Survival at John Jay College of Criminal Justice at The City University of New York. He had previously held the Foundations’ Fund Research Professorship of Psychiatry at Yale University for more than two decades. He has been particularly interested in the relationship between individual psychology and historical change, and in problems surrounding the extreme historical situations of our era. He has taken an active part in the formation of the new field of psychohistory. Since mid-1995, he has been conducting psychological research on the problem of apocalyptic violence, focusing on Aum Shinrikyo, the extremist Japanese cult which released poison gas in Tokyo subways. His book, Destroying the World to Save It: Aum Shinrikyo, Apocalyptic Violence, and the New Global Terrorism was published by Metropolitan Books in October, 1999. His writings on Nazi Doctors (on their killing the name of healing) and the problem of genocide; nuclear weapons and their impact on death symbolism; Hiroshima survivors; Chinese thought reform and the Chinese Cultural Revolution; psychological trends in contemporary men and women; and on the Vietnam War experience and Vietnam veterans, have appeared in a variety of professional and popular journals. He has developed a general psychological perspective around the paradigm of death and the continuity of life and a stress upon symbolization and “formative process,” and on the malleability of the contemporary self. Recent books include Hiroshima in America: Fifty Years of Denial, (Putnam and Avon Books, 1995) (with Greg Mitchell) which explores the impact of Hiroshima on our own country; andThe Protean Self; Human Resilience in an Age of Fragmentation, (Basic Books, 1993) which describes the contemporary “protean” self and its expressions of fluidity and change as its possible relationship to species consciousness and a “species self” (related importantly to one’s connection to humankind).
Marc Sageman is an independent researcher on terrorism and the founder of Sageman Consulting, LLC. He holds various academic positions at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Maryland and national think tanks, like the Foreign Policy Research Institute. After graduating from Harvard, he obtained an M.D. and a Ph.D. in sociology from New York University. After a tour as a flight surgeon in the U.S. Navy, he joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1984. He spent a year on the Afghan Task Force then went to Islamabad from 1987 to 1989, where he ran the U.S. unilateral programs with the Afghan Mujahedin, and New Delhi from 1989 to 1991. In 1991, he resigned from the agency to return to medicine. He completed a residency in psychiatry at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. Since 1994, he has been in the private practice of forensic and clinical psychiatry, and had the opportunity to evaluate about 500 murderers. After 9/11/01, he started collecting biographical material on about 400 al Qaeda terrorists to test the validity of the conventional wisdom on terrorism. This research has been published as Understanding Terror Networks(University of Pennsylvania Press 2004). He may be the only individual to have testified before both the 9/11 Commission in the U.S. and the Beslan Commission in Russia. As an expert on al Qaeda and related terrorist organizations, he has consulted with various branches of the U.S. government, including the National Security Council, the Department of Defense, the Combatant Commanders, the National Laboratories, the Department of Homeland Security, various agencies in the U.S. Intelligence Community and various law enforcement agencies. He has lectured at many universities, including Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, MIT, the University of Chicago, the University of Michigan, the University of California at Berkeley, and John’s Hopkins University. He has also consulted with foreign government (France, Australia, Spain, Canada, Germany, Britain) and lectured extensively at foreign universities.
Jessica Stern an Advanced Academic Candidate at the Massachusetts Institute of Psychoanalysis and a Fellow at Hoover Institution. She is also a member of Hoover Institution’s Task Force on National Security and Law. Stern taught at Harvard University from 1999-2010. She is the author ofDenial: A Memoir of Terror, selected by the Washington Post as a best book of the year; Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill, selected by the New York Times as a notable book of the year; The Ultimate Terrorists; and numerous articles on terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. She was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship and an Erik Erikson Scholarship in 2009, and has been awarded residencies at Yaddo and MacDowell Artists’ Colonies. She served on President Clinton’s National Security Council Staff in 1994-95. Stern was selected by Time Magazine in 2001 as one of seven thinkers whose innovative ideas “will change the world.” Stern advises a number of government agencies on issues related to terrorism and has taught courses for government officials. Stern is a member of the Trilateral Commission and the Council on Foreign Relations. She was named a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow, a National Fellow at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, a Fellow of the World Economic Forum, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellow. Stern earlier worked as an analyst at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She has a bachelors degree from Barnard College in chemistry, a masters degree from MIT in technology policy, and a doctorate from Harvard University in public policy.
Dr Carlo Strenger is an existential psychoanalyst and philosopher who currently serves as the Chair of the Clinical Graduate Program in the Department of Psychology at Tel Aviv University in Israel. He has lectured on numerous topics throughout his career, including teaching a course exploring the psychodynamics of the Middle Eastern Conflict and another entitled Is the West Losing the War of Ideas? Dr Strenger is also a member of the Permanent Monitoring Panel on Terrorism of the World Federation of Scientists, the Institute for Existential Psychoanalysis in Zurich, the Scientific Board of the Sigmund Freud Foundation in Vienna, while being a Consulting Editor for the International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Research. He has written a number of papers and books, including Israel: Einfuhrung in ein schwieriges Land, The Designed Self, and The Fear of Insignificance: Searching for Meaning in the Twenty-first Century, which has been translated into several languages. In addition, he is the author of the blog, Strenger than Fiction, which focuses on Israeli politics as well as the conflict in the Middle East, and has written for the New York Times, the Huffington Post and Foreign Policy. He has also been interviewed by Time Magazine and The Wall Street Journal and has been invited to speak at conferences all over the world.
Richard D. Davis
Richard Davis is the CEO and Managing Senior Fellow of Artis International. Artis is an interdisciplinary scientific field research and development institution working with various governments, NGOs, universities and private sector entities in conflict resolution and mitigation efforts across the globe through four centers: 1) Field Based Conflict Research, 2) Energy & Natural Resources, 3) Cyber Defense and 4) Health & Medicine. Artis also engages country entry and operations risk where ‘Devoted Actors’ influence political outcomes and capital markets. Further, the institution is engaged in conflict resolution work between antagonists in various conflicts. Richard holds several active appointments which include: Founding Fellow, Centre for the Resolution of Intractable Conflict, Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford; Senior Research Fellow, Centre for International Studies, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford; Associate Member, Permanent Monitoring Panel on Terrorism, World Federation of Scientists; Chairman, Phoenix Investments; and Chairman, Grand Canyon Bank (proposed).
Prior, Richard was the President and CEO of Davis Energy, a company acquired by ARTIS in 2012. Davis Energy was a research and consulting firm for public and private sector clients on emerging markets, financial sustainability, energy development – including alternative fuels and the global use of fracking, U.S. policy and capital markets, including bond financing and U.S. and EU government securities. Richard served at The White House as the Director of Prevention (terrorism) Policy on the Homeland Security Council. Prior, he was the Director of the Task Force to Prevent the Entry of Weapons of Mass Effect and the Director of the Academe, Policy and Research Senior Advisory Committee for Secretaries Tom Ridge and Michael Chertoff at the United States Department of Homeland Security.
Richard has been a Senior Policy Fellow at RTI international, a Senior Associate at the Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, led a non-profit international development organization dedicated to the education of youth and conflict mitigation, and served as a Trustee for Hope International University. He began his professional career as a teacher, later becoming a school administrator. During his days as an educator, he was also a collegiate soccer coach, holding a national coaching license. Richard has a PhD from the London School of Economics; an MPA from Harvard University; an MA from the Naval War College; and an MA from Azusa Pacific University. He holds Baccalaureate Degrees in Finance and Social Science from Hope International University.
Lee Quinby is holder of the Donald R. Harter ’39 Chair for Distinguished Teaching in Humanities at Hobart and William Smith Colleges. From 1999-2001, she held the Visiting Gannett Chair on the Millennium at Rochester Institute of Technology. Her areas of teaching and scholarly interest include issues of freedom and citizenship in technology- and fear-driven U.S. society, apocalyptic thought in American culture, and feminist theory. Quinby is the author of three books: Millennial Seduction (1999), Anti-Apocalypse(1994) and Freedom, Foucault, and the Subject of America (1991). She is editor of Genealogy and Literature (1995) and co-editor of Feminism and Foucault (1987) and Gender and Apocalyptic Desire (forthcoming 2004). She has published articles in journals such as American Historical Review, Constellations, and SIGNS and was guest editor of the Women’s Studies Quarterly special issue on “Women Confronting the New Technologies” (2001).
Fabiola Fernández Salek
Fabiola Fernández Salek is an Assistant Professor of Spanish and Humanities and Coordinator of Women’s Studies at York College/CUNY. She holds a Ph.D. in Spanish with a concentration in Gender and Film from Arizona State University. This dual position has provided her a unique opportunity to add a practical approach to her theoretical teaching and research interests, gender and cultural studies. Her research on contemporary Latin-American culture focuses on human rights, immigration, torture and political violence, and the construction of identity and nationality in Latin America. Her most recent articles and presentations have addressed the representation of gender, sexuality, urban life, and feminicide and violence in Latin American film and literature. She currently is co-editing the book, Screening Torture, currently under review by Columbia University Press.
Kelly A. Berkell
Kelly A. Berkell is an attorney and a Research Fellow at the Center on Terrorism at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. She has worked in regional politics, including as legislative counsel to a New York State Assembly Member and as Policy Director to a candidate for Westchester County Executive. Most recently, Kelly served as National Security Fellow at Fordham Law School’s Center on National Security, where she focused primarily on evolving cyber threats. A graduate of NYU School of Law and Barnard College, Kelly practiced securities and corporate litigation in Manhattan and Boston before moving into the public sector. She has served on the boards of various not-for-profit, community, and advocacy organizations.
Post-Doctoral Research Fellows
Hammad Sheikh is a postdoctoral research associate at the Center on Terrorism. He received a Psycholgie Diplom (equivalent to MSc) from the Free University of Berlin in 2008 and a PhD in social psychology from the New School for Social Research in 2014. Prior to his studies at the New School, he conducted research at the Max-Planck-Institute for Human Development in Berlin (2004-2005), the University College Dublin (2005-2006), and the Free University of Berlin (2006-2008). His research focuses on the psychology of intergroup conflict and intragroup cooperation, and utilizes a diversity of methods including focus groups, interviews, large-scale surveys, and cognitive experiments. He is currently examining the role that religious ritual and sacredness play in creating commitment to group interests, leading to prosocial behaviors, and in the context of intergroup conflict, to political violence.
Doctoral Research Fellows
Sarah Bennett is currently working on her doctorate in Criminal Justice at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. She earned her MA and BS in Criminal Justice from Arizona State University. Her interests include political violence, fragile states, the evolution of terrorist organizations and national security issues pertaining to energy.
Katharine Boyd was awarded the Graduate Assistantship in Homeland Security in March of 2008. She is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Criminal Justice at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, where she also completed a Masters in Forensic Psychology and earned the Certificate in Terrorism Studies offered by the Center on Terrorism. Ms. Boyd earned a B.A. in psychology and political science from Ashland University in Ohio. Soon after 9/11 (her freshman year of college), Ms. Boyd became interested in what factors contribute to terrorist motivation. She did research in her undergraduate studies regarding radical Islamic moral development. Her research interests include studying radicalization and terrorist motivations in relation to public policy. Boyd was assistant editor and co-author on three chapters in the book, The Fundamentalist Mindset: On Religion and Violence with Professor Strozier (Director, Center on Terrorism) and did research for History Will Judge: An Examination of Torture through the Ages (forthcoming) with Professor Sneh (History Department).
Thomas Dörfler is a PhD candidate in Political Science at the Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences, Germany. He holds a BA in Political Science from University of Bamberg and earned his MA with distinction in Political Science specializing in International Relations from Universiteit Leiden, the Netherlands. Previously, he has been a Research Fellow in the German Foundation for Peace Research funded “Rule-based Decision-making in the UN Security Council: The Al-Qaida/Taliban Sanctions Committee” project. He has lectured on International Relations theory, international organizations and the United Nations as well as supervised the University of Bamberg’s award-winning National Model UN Delegation. In his current work, he studies whether and how the delegation of decision-making competencies from the UN Security Council to its sanctions committees, in particular to its Al-Qaida sanctions committee, affects its dominant logic of decision-making and the content of the decisions taken. His research interests include the design, workings and change of international security institutions, multilateral counter-terrorism institutions and multilateral targeted sanctions. His most recent articles and presentations have addressed the evolution of the UN Security Council’s response to Al-Qaida and a social network analysis of the Al-Qaida terrorist organization utilizing the UN Security Council’s terrorism blacklist.
Nikolaos (Nick) Petropoulos, MA, MSc, LLM, is a PhD student in Criminal Justice at The Graduate Center/City University of New York. A native of Greece, he holds a degree in Police Studies, and masters in Criminal Law, Criminal Justice, Public Administration and Crisis Management. His research revolves around terrorism, political violence and policing, though he has also written about other forms of contemporary crimes such as football match-fixing. As an Adjunct Lecturer, he has taught both Policing and Public Management courses at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. He is also a Doctoral Research Assistant with the Center for International Human Rights at John Jay College.